Form 324 - Cable Operator, Mail Address, and Operational Status Changes.  Whenever a change occurs in a system's mailing address, operator legal name or operational status, the operator must notify the Commission of the change within 30 days.  The operator must furnish its legal name and type (individual, private association, partnership, or corporation), including the Employment Identity number or the Social Security number (if the company is an individual or partnership); the assumed name, if any; the mailing address; the nature of the operational status change; and the names of the communities affected and their FCC community unit identifier numbers. Rates for a cable system's basic service tier and associated equipment may be regulated only if the cable system is not subject to effective competition.  There are four separate tests to establish that effective competition exists: (1) the households subscribing to a cable system constitute fewer than 30 percent of the households in its franchise area; or, (2) (a) there are at least two unaffiliated multichannel video programming distributors (one of which may be the cable system in question), with each offering comparable video programming to at least 50 percent of the households in the franchise area, and (b) the households subscribing to all but the largest multichannel video programming distributor exceed 15 percent of the households in the franchise area; or, (3) the franchising authority is itself a multichannel video programming distributor offering video programming to at least 50 percent of the households in the franchise area; or. The sponsorship identification rule requires the identification of the sponsor of any origination cablecasting which is presented in exchange for money, service or "other valuable consideration." For example, in the United States, cable providers are required to offer a “basic cable option” that includes broadcast channels, local-access channels, and government and public-service channels. What is the standard Internet protocol that provides the technical foundation for the public Internet? On the cable, the data looks just like a TV channel. Continuing on Paul’s take above, consider this, the National Electrical Code requirements for cable sizing/conductor sizing and over-current protection have always been fairly confusing and complex. In 2018, both the evening and daytime cable news audiences increased. You will plug one end of the HDMI cable into the back of your TV and the other end into the receiver where it says “Out-to-TV.” Now plug the receiver into the power adapter and a wall socket. Experience the best cable TV service in Saskatchewan. Cable television is an example of a. TDMA b. FDMA c. CDMA d. SDMA View Answer / Hide Answer. For example, if the Boston Celtics are playing the Atlanta Hawks at home in a National Basketball Association ("NBA") game, and the game is not broadcast live on a Boston television station, and the NBA sends a blackout notice to cable systems within 35 miles of Boston, those systems will have to delete the game which is carried on their systems by "superstation" WTBS from Atlanta.  If a sports event were carried, for example, on ESPN or a regional subscription sports network, any blackout would be the result of a private contractual agreement between the holder of the rights to the event and the sports network. 4 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Michigan State University Components of a Communication System (2) The source originates a message, which could be a human voice, a television picture or data. Buying guide for choosing the best cable tv service. Card mailed within 30 days of registration. In 1972, new rules regarding cable television became effective.  These rules required cable television operators to obtain a certificate of compliance from the Commission prior to operating a cable television system or adding a television broadcast signal.  The rules applicable to cable operators fell into several broad subject areas -- franchise standards, signal carriage, network program nonduplication and syndicated program exclusivity, nonbroadcast or cablecasting services, cross-ownership, equal employment opportunity, and technical standards.  Cable television operators who originated programming were subject to equal time, sponsorship identification and other provisions similar to rules applicable to broadcasters.  Cable operators were also required to maintain certain records and to file annual reports with the Commission concerning general statistics, employment, and finances. This is the Make sure the green power light is on. The 1996 Act established various options for local exchange carriers to provide video programming to subscribers.  They are:  common carrier transport, wireless ("BRS"), cable, and open video systems.  The Commission adopted a streamlined regulatory format for open video systems that allowed open video system operators to offer their own programming and afforded independent programmers the ability to reach subscribers directly.  By encouraging entry into the video programming distribution market, the Commission positioned open video systems to compete with cable operators, direct broadcast satellite systems, and wireless cable providers. Which of the following is experiencing rapid growth due to wireless technology? A petitioner may submit the request by letter, accompanied by a certification that all interested parties who may be directly affected by any Commission action have been given a copy of the request.  In addition to stating the relief requested, the petition should contain the facts demonstrating the need for relief and should show how granting the request would serve the public interest.  An original and two copies of the petitions not requiring a filing fee must be filed with the Office of the Secretary, Federal Communications Commission, 45 L Street NE, Washington, D.C.  20554.  Any petition requiring a fee must be submitted, along with a check or money order, to:Federal Communications Commission, c/o U.S. Bank – Government Lockbox # 979089, SL-MO-C2-GL, 1005 Convention Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63101 (Attention: FCC Government Lockbox).  Notification about the filing of petitions for special relief is given to the general public through Public Notices published by the Commission.  These Notices are accessible through the Internet at: Web site: Subject to the Commission's network nonduplication, syndicated exclusivity and sports broadcasting rules, cable systems must carry the entirety of the program schedule of every local television station carried pursuant to the mandatory carriage provisions or the retransmission consent provisions of the 1992 Cable Act.  A broadcaster and a cable operator may negotiate for partial carriage of the signal where the station is not eligible for must carry rights, either because of the station's failure to meet the requisite definitions or because the cable system is outside the station's market.  In those situations where the carriage in the entirety rule applies, the primary video and accompanying audio of all television broadcast stations must be carried in full, without alteration or deletion of their content.  Ancillary services such as closed captioning and program-related material in the vertical blanking interval must be carried.  However, other information contained in the vertical blanking interval need not be carried. If the operator decides to sell the wiring, the selling price will be negotiated or, failing successful negotiations, be determined by arbitration.  The significant difference between the disposition rules for “home” wiring and “home run” wiring is that the price for home wiring is the replacement cost of the wiring itself.  The price for sale of “home run” wiring is a negotiated, and presumably higher, price representing the value of that wiring to the cable provider. We reserve the right to chargeback the amount of the Card if … In succeeding years, the Commission modified or eliminated many of the rules.  Among the more significant actions, the Commission deleted most of the franchise standards in 1977, substituted a registration process for the certificate of compliance application process in 1978, and eliminated the distant signal carriage restrictions and syndicated program exclusivity rules in 1980.  In 1983, the Commission deleted its requirement that cable operators file financial information.  In addition, court actions led to the deletion of pay cable programming rules in 1977. Anyone wishing to file a charge of discrimination or a complaint of violation of any of the Commission’s EEO rules should write to: Federal Communications Commission, Media Bureau, Policy Division, EEO Staff, 45 L Street NE, Washington, D.C. 20554. What are the two main methods for encrypting network traffic on the web? The Commission’s 30% ownership limit has been reviewed in the courts several times.  In 2001, in Time Warner Entertainment Co. v. FCC, 240 F.3d 1126 (D.C. Cir. Examples of cable/satellite channels/cable networks available in many countries are HBO, Cinemax, MTV, Cartoon Network, AXN, E!, FX, Discovery Channel, Canal+, Eurosport, NBC Sports, Fox Sports, PBS Sports, Disney Channel, Nickelodeon, CNN International, PSN and ESPN. Under the Commission's must-carry rules, a cable operator is not required to carry a signal of a television broadcast station if that station would be considered a distant signal under the Copyright Act, unless the station agrees to indemnify the cable operator for any increased copyright liability resulting from carriage of the signal. June 14, 2017. Turn on the cable TV and then use the remote to turn on the Roku TV. New rules went into effect in August 2011 that clarified and expanded rights for owners of CableCARD-ready devices.  Subscribers have the right to: receive accurate information from their cable operator about CableCARDs; install their CableCARDs themselves; have a technician show up with the correct number and type of CableCARDs if a subscriber opts for professional installation; and receive a discount from a package price if a subscriber chooses to use his own CableCARD-ready device rather than lease the operator’s set-top box.  For more information on subscribers’ rights, see the CableCARD Rights Guide. The Copyright Act requires cable operators to obtain a compulsory license for the carriage of programming.  The cable operator pays the fee to the copyright office, for distribution to the copyright holders of the program material.  The fee for each cable system is based on the system's "gross receipts" from the carriage of broadcast signals and the number of "distant signal equivalents" a term identifying non-network programming from distant television stations carried by the system. § 73.622(e) of the Commission’s rules, over a cable system's principal headend, or whose city of license is within fifty miles of the cable system's principal headend, is considered "local" for this purpose.  Cable systems with more than 36 channels may be required to carry all local noncommercial educational television stations which request carriage.  Any cable system operating in a market where no local NCE station is available is required to import one NCE station. ; broadband: A type of data transmission in which a single medium (wire) can carry several channels at once. Form 328 - Certification of Franchising Authority to Regulate Basic Cable Service Rates and Initial Findings of Lack of Effective Competition.  This form must be filed by any local franchising authority which intends to regulate basic cable service rates within the franchise area.  The form requests information relating to the cable system to be regulated, requests the franchise authority certify that there is no effective competition, and requests that the franchise authority certify that it will adopt rate regulations and procedural regulations consistent with those of the Commission. Prior to passage of the 1992 Cable Act, the Commission did not regulate rates for cable television service.  Rates for basic cable service were regulated by local franchising authorities.  The 1984 Cable Act permitted local franchising authorities to regulate only if the cable franchise area was served off the air by fewer than three unduplicated broadcast signals; in 1991, the Commission raised this number to six.  In passing the 1992 Cable Act, Congress found rates for cable services rose significantly following the 1984 Cable Act.  Congress directed the Commission to establish rules to govern rate regulation of cable service tiers offered by cable systems that are not subject to effective competition.  These rules were intended to improve service to the cable subscriber and to ensure competitive rates. A cable system is not permitted to carry a commercial station without the station's consent.  Stations electing must carry status are considered too have given their consent..  Therefore, if the local commercial television station elects retransmission consent, the cable system must obtain that station's consent prior to carrying or transmitting its signal.  Except for "superstations," a cable system may not carry the signal of any television broadcast station that is not located in the same market as the cable system without that broadcaster's consent.  Superstations are transmitted via satellite, usually nationwide, and the cable system may carry such stations outside their local market without their consent.  The negotiations between a television station and a cable system are private agreements which may, but need not, include some form of compensation to the television station such as money, advertising time, or additional channel access. With the Spectrum TV App, access your full TV lineup and up to 50,000 On Demand shows and movies in your home and on your devices. Cable and satellite TV are different in more ways than just how they deliver television programming. In 1993 the Commission adopted rules pursuant to the 1992 Cable Act which address the “disposition, after a subscriber terminates service, of any cable installed by the cable operator within the premises of such subscriber.”  The home wiring rules are intended to encourage competition between multichannel video delivery services by allowing a consumer who voluntarily terminates cable service to use the wiring to receive a competing multichannel video delivery service, such as direct broadcast satellite, wireless cable ("MMDS"), or a different cable service, without the expense and inconvenience of installing new wire. The 1992 Cable Act amendments broadened the statutory purpose to include "the promotion of competition in the delivery of diverse sources of video programming," and the Commission was provided with expanded authority: (1) to determine the maximum reasonable rates that a cable operator may establish for leased access use, including the rate charged for the billing of subscribers and for the collection of revenue from subscribers by the cable operator for such use; (2) to establish reasonable terms and conditions for leased access, including those for billing and collection; and (3) to establish procedures for the expedited resolution of leased access disputes.  The legislative history of the 1992 amendments expresses concern that some cable operators may have established unreasonable terms or may have had financial incentives to refuse to lease channel capacity to potential leased access users based on anticompetitive motives, especially if the operator had a financial interest in the programming services it carried. Afterward, follow these steps: Press the ‘Home’ button on the remote to access the Roku’s home screen. In order to exercise its authority to regulate basic cable rates and equipment, a franchising authority must be certified by the Commission.  Unless notified otherwise by the Commission, a franchising authority's certification becomes effective 30 days after it is filed with the Commission.  A franchising authority whose request for certification has been denied or revoked may petition the Commission for re-certification.  In addition, a franchising authority that lacks the resources or legal authority to regulate basic cable service rates may petition the Commission to assume regulation, but the franchising authority must affirmatively demonstrate its inability to regulate to the Commission.  The Commission will not intervene to regulate basic cable service rates should a franchising authority choose not to seek certification or choose not to request that the Commission assume jurisdiction.  Appeals of local rate decisions will be heard by the Commission. Cable operators must make copies of any materials in the public inspection file available for photocopying at the time of an in-person request.  Cable operators may charge a reasonable fee for photocopying.  Requests for photocopies must be fulfilled at a location specified by the cable operator, within a reasonable time not to exceed seven days.  System operators are not required to honor requests for photocopying by mail but may do so at their discretion. Which of the following offers a common example of a LAN? When you connect the two devices with HDMI cable, it should be extremely easy to access cable television. The single YouTube TV subscription option comes with a selection of network and basic cable channels, and then you can pay extra for additional ones on an a la carte basis. This will give you access to their prime time TV streaming. True. The potential for contracting viruses on mobile devices is increasing; in fact, the first known mobile phone virus was called ______________. Multiple System Operators (MSO) begin a period of rapid expansion by establishing and acquiring additional franchises and cable systems. Before commencing operation, a cable system operator must send the following information to the Secretary of the Commission for each community to be served: (1) The legal name of the operator, the entity identification or social security number, and whether the operator is an individual, private association, partnership or corporation.  If the operator is a partnership, the legal name of the partner responsible for communications with the Commission; (2) The assumed name (if any) used for doing business in the community; (3) The mailing address, including zip code, and the telephone number to which all communications are to be directed; (4) The date the system provided services to 50 or more subscribers; (In order to comply with the requirements relating to aeronautical frequency usage, a system must register in advance of providing service to any subscribers, so that a subsequent aeronautical notification may be timely filed pursuant to § 76.615(b)). Cord cutting has become a popular alternative to cable as streaming TV options have proliferated on the web and consumers turn to smartphones, tablets and other wireless devices to watch their favorite shows. Which of the following is an example of P2P? Cable television system operators generally make their own selection of channels and programs to be distributed to subscribers in response to consumer demands.  The Commission does, however, have rules in some areas that are applicable to programming -- called "origination cablecasting" that is subject to the editorial control of the system operator.  The rules generally do not apply to the contents of broadcast signals or access channels over which the system operator has no editorial control. Pursuant to the 1992 Cable Act, the Commission adopted federal guidelines which provide a standard for improving the quality of customer service rendered by cable operators.  These guidelines provide minimum levels of service which should be provided by a cable operator.  The guidelines address issues such as the cable operator's communications with customers over the telephone, installations, service problems, changes in rates or service, billing practices and information that must be provided to all customers.Â. Netflix for access to its wide range of original movies and TV shows and rerun content. BT TV Store – The BT TV Store is a collection of films and TV box sets on the BT Player, which can be accessed by pressing the BT Player button on your remote. Which domain is reserved for the U.S. military? The 1996 Act also required that television receivers manufactured or imported for use in the United States be equipped with circuitry that is capable of identifying all programs with a common rating and blocking individual channels during selected time periods.  This is the circuitry commonly referred to as the "V-chip." In adopting the Telecommunications Act of 1996, Congress noted that it wanted to provide a pro-competitive, de-regulatory national policy framework designed to accelerate rapidly private sector deployment of advanced telecommunications and information technologies and services to all Americans by opening all telecommunications markets to competition.  The Commission has adopted regulations to implement the requirements of the 1996 Act and the intent of Congress. If you’re a cord cutter living in a densely populated area, you might be lucky enough to access channels from multiple Over-the-Air TV markets. The Communications Act requires that no new cable operator may provide service without a franchise and establishes several policies relating to franchising requirements and franchise fees.  The Communications Act authorizes local franchising authorities to grant one or more franchises within their jurisdiction.  However, a local franchising authority may not grant an exclusive franchise, and may not unreasonably withhold its consent for new service.  Included in the grant of a franchise to a cable system are rights relating to the construction of the system, including the local franchising authority's authorization to use public rights-of-way, easements, and to establish the areas to be served.  In addition, the law requires just compensation to property owners who have suffered damages as a result of a cable operator's construction, operation, installation, or removal of its cable television facilities.  Moreover, franchising authorities are required to ensure that access to cable service is not denied to any group of potential residential cable subscribers on the basis of income class.  Although the Communications Act also generally precludes the regulation of cable systems as common carriers, it authorizes the Commission, to require, if it chooses, the filing of informational tariffs for intrastate communications services, other than cable service, which are provided by a cable system. A cable television system operator is any person or group of persons who provides cable service over a cable system and directly or through one or more affiliates owns a significant interest in such cable system, or who otherwise controls or is responsible for, through any arrangement, the management and operation of such a cable system. Installations, Service Interruptions and Service Calls. It won't work on TVs, not even through your streaming boxes. In response to the recent increase in COVID-19 cases, technicians will be unable to enter homes at this time. 2. Form 1200 - Setting Maximum Initial Permitted Rates for Regulated Cable Services and Equipment.  This form is used by operators the first time they filed any form to calculate maximum permissible rate under the rules. TV Antenna Setup: How to Access OTA Signals from Multiple Directions. Which of the following is not a type of wireless network. Each user is assigned unique frequency slots 2. How to Size a Cable per the NEC with variables: How to size a cable per the NEC with variables 1XTech. Section 504 of the 1996 Act required a cable operator to fully scramble or block the audio and video portions of programming services not specifically subscribed to by a household.  The cable operator must fully scramble or block the programming in question upon the request of the subscriber and at no charge to the subscriber.  In addition, Section 505 states that cable operators or other multichannel video programming distributors who offer sexually explicit programming or other programming that is indecent on any channel(s) primarily dedicated to sexually-oriented programming must fully scramble or block both the audio and video portions of the channels so that someone who does not subscribe to the channel does not receive it.  Until a multichannel video distributor complies with this provision, the distributor cannot provide the programming during hours when a significant number of children are likely to view it. LANs, WANs, and MANs all provide users with an accessible and reliable network infrastructure. Any person aggrieved by the failure or the refusal of a cable operator to make commercial channel capacity available or to charge rates as required by Commission rules may file a petition for relief with the Commission within 60 days of the alleged violation.  In order to merit relief, the petition must show by clear and convincing evidence that the operator violated the leased access statutory or regulatory provisions or otherwise acted unreasonably or in bad faith.  Relief may be in the form of refunds, injunctive relief or forfeitures.  The Commission encourages parties to use alternative dispute resolution procedures such as settlement negotiation, conciliation, facilitation, mediation, fact finding, mini-trials and arbitration.  The 1992 Cable Act provides for both judicial and Commission review of leased commercial access disputes. The best example of this is the cable television system. In 1966, the Commission established rules for all cable systems (whether or not served by microwave). Select the TV service that is right for you – Ignite TV, our IPTV service, or Digital TV, our cable TV service. PEG channel capacity which is not in use for its designated purpose may, with the franchising authority's permission, be used by the cable operator to provide other services.  Under certain conditions, a franchising authority may authorize the use of unused PEG channels to carry low power commercial television stations and local noncommercial educational television stations that are required by law. Section 613 of the Communications Act requires the Commission to prescribe rules establishing reasonable limits on the number of cable subscribers served by an individual cable operator through its ownership or control of local cable systems.  In 1993, the Commission adopted rules prohibiting any person from reaching, through owned or controlled cable systems, more than 30% of all homes passed nationwide by cable.  In 1999, the Commission amended this rule to prohibit any person from serving, through owned or controlled cable systems, more than 30% of all multiple video programming distribution ("MVPD") subscribers nationwide.  The Commission concluded that actual subscriber numbers, rather than cable homes passed, more accurately reflected the market power of a multiple system operator ("MSO").  In addition, given that DBS and other non-cable providers have a growing impact on the market, the Commission decided to take into account the number of all MVPD subscribers, rather than cable subscribers alone.  On that basis, no cable operator shall serve more than 30% of all multichannel-video programming subscribers nationwide through multichannel video programming distributors owned by such operator or in which such cable operator holds an attributable interest.  By limiting the horizontal concentration of the cable industry, the Commission seeks to prevent the concentration of local cable systems into the hands of only a few large operators and to limit the ability of multiple system operators to exercise undue influence in the program acquisition market. 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