Courtesy Kansas Historical Society. Part Five: Troubles (1998 to 1999), Johnson County Library Local History Resources, Missouri Valley Special Collections Digital Gallery, https://jocogov.org/legal-disclosures#socialmedia. This 1.6 million-acre reservation stretched from the confluence of the Kansas and Missouri rivers west toward present-day Topeka. It seems that “speculators” were trying to purchase part of the land held jointly as a tribe from some tribal members. Head south on Noland St toward W 132nd St, Turn right onto W 133rd St, Turn left onto S Pflumm Rd, Turn right at the 1st cross street onto W 135th St, Turn right onto S Black Bob Rd, Our facility will be on the right. “The original land patent of the Blackfeather Farm was awarded to To Wah Pea and her heirs on March 13, 1885. Black Cat – 1745. In 1866, they applied for the partition of the Black Bob’s common property and requested individual allotments for 69 members of the band. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. There they remained until peace was proclaimed, when about one hundred returned to dispose of their lands, only to find them taken over by sqatters in their absence. Seller assumes all responsibility for this listing. F THE INTERIOR, IN RELATIO~ TO Oertain lctnds in the State of Kansas belonging to the Black Bob band of Shawnee Indians, u.:ith bill for the sale of the same . 58 reviews #12 of 90 Restaurants in Shawnee $$ - $$$ American Barbecue 120 W Macarthur St, Shawnee, OK 74804-2007 +1 405-275-2040 Website Menu Closed now : See all hours Black Bob Park is an 80 acre community park dedicated in 1981. Come to a home you deserve located in Olathe, KS. The legal issue of land title became so complicated and so expensive to fight, in the end it was too much for the Black Bob to overcome. Black Bob and his Hathawekela band (also known as the Skipakákamithagî  band), the Cape Girardeau Shawnee, lived on land controlled by Spain in eastern Missouri on land granted to them about 1793 by Baron Carondelet, near Cape Girardeau. • JANUARY 16, lt!72.-Referred to the Committee on Indian Affairs and ordered to be printed. On Oct. 26, 1831, “General William Clark at Castor Hill in St. Louis County, Missouri, signed a treaty with representatives of the Delaware then in Kansas and the Cape Girardeau Shawnee (the Black Bob band) then in Arkansas, giving up all claim to the Cape Girardeau grant. With the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act in 1854, the U.S. government’s new goal was to open Kansas for settlers from the United States. Map showing the 33,000 acres belonging to the Black Bob Band, with a modern street overlay. They settled in northeastern Kansas near Olathe and along the Kansas (Kaw) River in Monticello near Gum Springs. Their anger was pointed at untrustworthy federal officials and the national council of the Shawnee. ( Log Out /  Black Butcher – 1730. 7). It seems that “speculators” were … Content not in compliance with our civility expectations will be removed from our page or posts, and repeat offenders may be blocked. During the American Civil War, Black Bob's band fled from Kansas and joined the "Absentee Shawnee" in Oklahoma to escape the war. James Burnett Abbott, one-time Indian Agent to the Shawnee and schemer against the Black Bob Band. Only the traditionalist Black Bob Band continued to hold its land in common, and a portion of unallotted land was set aside for the Absentee Shawnee if they decided to relocate to Kansas. To make matters worse, James B. Abbott, an ex-Indian Agent to the Shawnees, and H.L. Our burgers are made of 100% USDA Choice Chuck. Black Bob (Shawnee chief) (d. 1862 or 1864), Native American Shawnee chief Black Bob (musician), American blues pianist Robert Craufurd (1764–1812), nicknamed Black Bob, Scottish soldier Bob Tuckett (born 1948), nicknamed Black Bob, professional light heavyweight/cruiserweight boxer of the 1970s Black Bob Bay is closed for the 2020 summer season. ( Log Out /  The “Black Bob Band” of the Shawnee, under the leadership of a chief named Black Bob, vehemently refused to accept individual allotments in 1854. Doc. During 1833, only Black Bob’s band of Shawnee resisted removal. Black Bob. Beginning about 1870, the Black Bob Indians of the Shawnee Tribe who lived on a reservation in Johnson Co., Kansas known as the “Black Bob Reserve” began petitioning the government to keep their lands intact. Black Face – 1740. Alphabetical list of Shawnee Names found in Shawnee Heritage I (the first volume of the series). Other Information: Pages: 2. The JoCoHistory Blog follows Johnson County, KS Government's social media user responsibility guidelines at https://jocogov.org/legal-disclosures#socialmedia. Eastman’s Map, showing reservations in Kansas, c. 1854. The Black Bob, less than 200 in total, were traditionalists who rejected assimilation, believed in communal land ownership, and found themselves regularly at odds with the Shawnee national council. The chief of a Shawnee band, originally a part of the Hatha­wekela division of the Shawnee. Shipping and handling. He was known for being one of the last Shawnee leaders to resist leaving for the Indian Territory, and for keeping his band together until his death, holding their lands in common, as they moved between Missouri, Arkansas, and the Black Bob Reservation in Kansas. Change ). The history of Chief Black Bob and his followers reminds us that when talking about the past, just as today, generalizations always leave someone out. We use cookies to remember log in details, provide secure log in, improve site functionality, and deliver personalized content. Today, the only reminders of this contentious history in Johnson County are places named for Chief Black Bob and his followers: Black Bob Road, Black Bob Park, and Black Bob Elementary School in Olathe. Now Help Us Collect It, A Great History of the Great Mall of the Great Plains. “Letters form the Secretary of the Interior.” In 42nd Congress, 2nd Session. The Black Bob fled to the west and south for protection. Chief Black Bob died during this time, either in 1862 or 1864, but his followers maintained their independence from the rest of the Shawnee nation and the national council. These letters concern the sale of lands to Black Bob’s Band of Shawnee. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Black Bob was half Miami and half Shawnee. In the case of the Black Bob Band of the Shawnee, by generalizing we risk losing voices of dissent and resistance against the destruction of a culture. Within days, Congress passed the Kansas-Nebraska Act, and immediately large numbers of white Americans moved into Kansas to fight each other over black slavery. Black Caesar – 1710. They lived in South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, Kentucky, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and other states before coming to Kansas. Pages on this site may include affiliate links to Amazon and its affiliate sites on which the owner of this website will make a referral commission.The shopping links above this notice go to our own store, AAA Native Arts Gallery. When they returned, white squatters had taken possession of portion of the land. His band was a part of the Hathawekela division of the Shawnee. They predominantly settled in what is now Craig and Rogers County, Oklahoma. Part Six: Attention Shoppers, The Mall Will Be Closing In Fifteen Years (2000 to 2008), A Great History of the Great Mall of the Great Plains. Settlers moved onto the land as soon as the war was over, and disputes over the land continued for 20 years. In the War of 1812 he joined British forces for the capture of Detroit and the invasion of Ohio. The Shawnee reservation in Kansas stretched from the Missouri State boundary nearly to modern-day Junction City, and from the Kansas River to about the southern line of Johnson County. In the 1870s, after many years of struggling to have their Kansas land titles recognized, the Black Bob Band was finally subjected to government removal (although they did not accept U.S. citizenship). Inventory: XGR-7188. Learn how your comment data is processed. We grind fresh chuck and hand patty our burgers daily. They began illegally selling land to squatters. If you do buy something, thanks for your support ! In 1825, the federal government negotiated the Treaty of St. Louis, which removed 1,400 Missouri-based Shawnee to lands in Kansas (some Shawnee continued into Oklahoma and eventually into Mexican Texas, and became known as the “Absentee Shawnee”). The Shawnee were a people whittled away by American encroachment and Indian Removal policies. An 1872 congressional act gave title of that land to the Absentee Shawnee. Thanks! Black Bull – 1730. Residents and non-residents will be required to register and pay online for a two-hour session. Chief Black Fish 1 was born in 1725 and died on 12 Oct 1779 in Chillicothe, Shawnee Territory (Ohio), (United States) at age 54. “The Black Bob Shawnee were expelled from their land and moved to Northeastern Oklahoma.” There they joined the Absentee-Shawnee, and claimed acreage that eventually turned out to have been previously assigned the Potawatomi. Those who did—perhaps 700 or more—were called the “severalty” Shawnee because of their individual land ownership. Extremely informative. In 1857, there was 136 Black Bob Indians left. (Ser. After the Civil War, the Shawnee in Kansas were expelled and forced to move to northeastern Oklahoma. The Shawnee Indian Methodist Mission and school were established for the Shawnee, Delaware and other Indian nations in 1839. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! They became known as the “Cherokee Shawnee,” primarily settling in the areas of Bird Creek (now known as Sperry); Hudson Creek (now known as Fairland); and White Oak. The Black-Bob band took their lands in common, as did another small band. Although their settlements were north of the Kansas River, Johnson County would have been a part of their hunting territory. While the U.S. government recognized the acreage as individual allotments accumulated in one place, the Black Bob Shawnee chose to view it as a single allotment to be used for communal living. Black Bob Lands in Kansas. The Black Bob band had written directly to President Andrew Jackson, noting that “For the last forty years we have resided in Upper Louisiana,” (which was now called Missouri), “peaceably following our usual occupations for the support of our families” … explaining that the Shawnee lands in Kansas had “a climate colder than we have been accustomed to, or wish to live in,” and they would be “surrounded by people who are strangers to us.” However, in 1833, this petition was denied. Afterward, joined by many Kansas Shawnee (Black Bob's band), they returned to Indian Territory and claimed acreage assigned the Potawatomi. Google Street View of Black Bob Park, in southern Johnson County. The Loyal Shawnee made an agreement with the Cherokee Nation in 1869, allowing 722 to gain citizenship within the Cherokee tribe and receive allotments of Cherokee land. The Black Bob, less than 200 in total, were traditionalists who rejected assimilation, protested the federal government’s policy of Indian Removal, believed in communal land ownership, and were vocal critics of the Shawnee national council. The reservation became home to 2,183 Shawnees from a variety of different bands between 1825 and 1834. The Shawnee Reservation in Kansas was never legally dissolved and some Shawnee families still hold their allotment lands in Kansas. Black Bob Indians of Johnson County, Kansas Posted on March 5, 2012 by Roberta Estes Beginning about 1870, the Black Bob Indians of the Shawnee Tribe who lived on a reservation in Johnson Co., Kansas known as the “Black Bob Reserve” began petitioning the government to keep their lands intact. We season with Kosher salt and black pepper, and grill it when you want it. The Shawnee Methodist Mission was built nearby to minister to the tribe. For Black Bob and his followers, accepting the government’s offer of individual land grants signified the forfeiture of their rights as tribal members. One of their early homes was on the Savannah River, which, indeed, took its name from this tribe. The JoCoHistory Partner organizations do not endorse any user-submitted content and/or links nor assume any liability for any actions of participating users. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The Black Bob Reservation (or Black Bob Reserve) was located in the southeastern part of Johnson County, Kansas, at the sources of the Blue and Tomahawk creeks, lying in Oxford, Spring Hill, Aubry and Olathe townships, on 33,000 acres in the Tomahawk Creek area near the current intersection of 119th and Black Bob Road. The park is located on what was part of the Shawnee Indian Reservation, first established in 1825. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. In 1861 Kansas became a state, and the non-Indian people of Kansas demanded that all Indian tribes must be removed from the state. We welcome your comments and discussion! nos. Construction continued until 1862. They are an These cultures were removed to reservations in Kansas by the Federal government prior to removing the Shawnee from their ancestral lands in the Ohio River Valley and placing them on reservations in Kansas. (from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shawnee)Shawnee comes from the Algonquin word \"shawun,\" meaning \"southerner.\" Shawnee usually call themselves the Shawano or Shawanoe or Shawanese. The government set aside a tract of land for the Black Bob Band totaling 33,000 acres in southern Johnson County. Meanwhile, the Rogerstown and Fish bands traveled directly to eastern Kansas, where successive parties of Ohio Shawnees joined them over the next several years. Chief Black Bob died during this time, either in 1862 or 1864, but his followers maintained their independence from the rest of the Shawnee nation and the national council. Eventually, Black Bob’s band removed to the area of Kansas. 1. Black Buffalo – 1740. Joseph and Johnson Blackfeather were some of the heirs, hence the Blackfeather name is associated with this land. Courtesy Kansas Historical Society. This item will ship to United States, but the seller has not specified shipping options. In an 1854 treaty with Black Bob, the United States gave them rights to land on the Shawnee Reservation in that state. The Cape Girardeau band believed that government commissioners had misled them about the 1825 treaty and argued that they had never agreed to allow any Ohio Shawnees to settle on the western lands. It is said that the name of this most remarkable tribe comes from Shawun, south, or Shawunogi, Southerners. The tribe held its lands in common until 1866, and continued to live as had been their custom, making but little progress and spending most of their time in visiting other tribes and hunting, until the breaking out of the Civil  War. Black Bob kept the band together until his death in 1862 or 1864, but in 1867 the speculators induced the Indians to put their land in severalty. Portions of the Shawnee nation agreed with the tactic of assimilation and even with removal, hoping that the U.S. government might finally leave them alone. By posting comments to the JoCoHistory Blog, you understand and acknowledge that this information is available to the public. Black Bob (Wa-wah-che-pa-e-hai or Wa-wah-che-pa-e-kar) was a chief of the Hathawekela division of the Shawnee indian tribe. However, these petitions were not successful, the lands were sold to speculators. West: Near Olathe Senior Residence Topic: Condition of the Black Bob Band of Shawnee Indians in KS . The Osage also may have hunted here. Shawnee land holdings were reduced to roughly 200,000 acres, located within 30 miles of the Missouri border. Tribal members petitioned the US Government in the 1870s to “keep their land intact,” noting that since the war, the band had been “composed largely of women and children.” They also said that it is not their choice to divide their land, but “is an alternative urged on them by speculators who care nothing for our people, only so far as they can use us for selfish purposes.”. Savannah River, which, indeed, took its name from this tribe Blog follows Johnson County, government. Hence the Blackfeather Farm, in southern Johnson County, Johnson County established for the Black Bob ’ s tribe... Of that land to the Shawnee were a people whittled away by encroachment. 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