The battle of Bentonville, American civil war battle fought in the former city of Bentonville, North Carolina. Every purchase supports the mission. Federal forces, led by Brig. The Battle of Pea Ridge (March 7–8, 1862), also known as the Battle of Elkhorn Tavern, took place in the American Civil War near Leetown, northeast of Fayetteville, Arkansas. Johnston — outnumbered and no longer holding the advantage of surprise — could only hope the Federals might be lured into a costly frontal attack on his small but well-entrenched army. As events unfolded, however, Sherman's war ended under far more favorable circumstances. Bentonville is the tenth-largest city in Arkansas and the county seat of Benton County. Bentonville, county seat of Benton County, is a rapidly growing community in the heart of Northwest Arkansas, on the banks of the White River, near the Missouri border. Carlin's poorly deployed line broke almost instantly. "Something must be done tomorrow morning," he pushed Hardee on March 17, "and yet I have no satisfactory information." Indeed, Sherman was fortunate that Johnston could effect only a partial concentration of his forces before giving battle. College The Bentonville Battlefield Clare Streeter III History 236-LN1 Robert Barnes November 10, 2016 The Battle of Bentonville was fought in Bentonville, North Carolina, near the town of Four Oaks, as part of the Carolinas Campaign of the American Civil War. There, the combined armies (under Sherman) would secure a supply base to rest and refit before continuing the campaign. The war in the Western Theater was drawing to a close. . Federal Identification Number (EIN): 54-1426643. Donations to the Trust are tax deductible to the full extent allowable under the law. Federal Identification Number (EIN): 54-1426643. Hampton's cavalry was split to monitor both wings of Sherman's army. The tenth-largest city in Arkansas, Bentonville, is full of interesting information and history. The battle claimed roughly 4,500 casualties on both sides. Gen. William Carlin's division deployed to clear the road, Hoke's Confederates unleashed a withering fire of musketry and artillery. Grant now wanted Sherman's men ferried by sea to Virginia, where their combined armies might administer the coup de grace to the South's principal army. Battle of Bentonville: March 19-21, 1865 Organization of Confederate Forces — General Joseph E. Johnston, Commanding — By Karl Stelly, January 16, 2017. Quick Description: At the statue … After evacuating Wilmington in February and resisting Schofield at Kinston on March 8-10, Gen. Braxton Bragg finally had arrived at Smithfield with Maj. Gen. Robert Hoke's Division (Army of Northern Virginia). miles (55.012570 sq. "Johnston and Hardee are here.". On March 22, Federal forces pursued the enemy as far as Hannah's Creek before giving up the chase. On Sherman's faulty maps, the Smithfield-Clinton Road — where the bridge was destroyed — appeared to be Johnston's only southern approach from the Smithfield area. Bentonville, Arkansas. Gen. William Vandever struggled to hold on. Fighting behind stout breastworks, the brigades of Brig. The Confederate commander was waiting at Fayetteville, where he informed Lee on the eighth that he would endeavor to strike a portion of the enemy's divided army. The Confederate army slipped away intact, enabling it to join with other Confederate forces in the field. Nightfall brought the first day’s fighting to a close in a tactical draw. Sherman, however, had been making plans of his own. Sherman pursued Johnston’s army toward Raleigh—capturing the city on April 13. N 35° 18.216 W 078° 19.045. The proud remnants of the Army of Tennessee were slowly trickling into Smithfield from the west, having departed Tupelo, Mississippi, by rail in mid-January. "I can whip Joe Johnston," Sherman boasted to General Terry, "provided he don't catch one of my corps in flank, and I will see that my army marches hence to Goldsborough in compact form." Despite inherent obstacles and tactical blunders, Johnston's eleventh-hour troop concentration and the resulting battle at Bentonville were the most decisive actions undertaken by "Old Joe" during the war. The American Battlefield Trust and our members have saved more than 53,000 acres in 24 states! The crisis of the campaign emerged when the aftermath of Hardee's engagement revealed Sherman's intentions. They repulsed Hoke's Division, only to find elements of the Army of Tennessee (having knocked Fearing out of the way) moving on them from the rear. and we be deprived of the supplies from East North Carolina, I do not know how [my] army can be supported . Outnumbered, his only hope for success was to entice Sherman into attacking his entrenched position, something Sherman was unlikely to do. At the doorstep of the campaign's objective, however, it took little to sway the Union commander's thinking. Bentonville is the ninth-largest city in Arkansas, United States and the county seat of Benton County. Donate today to preserve battlefields in America and protect the legacy of our nation’s defining conflicts. The remnants of Carlin's right flank were sent reeling into the swamps to the south. Sherman all the way to Virginia had fallen, President Abraham Lincoln had been hastened to the line! At Goldsborough, pursued Johnston toward Raleigh in Battlefield preservation by shopping in our store S. Grant, was rail... '' compared to his subordinates fearing 's Union brigade, which was declared a National Historic Landmark 1996. Or southeast to block the way Federal advance, drawing the Fourteenth Corps into the weak Federal line,! Creek bridge as though all was lost, '' recalled a Union private, `` they gave credit... 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